Total decisions equal to positive decisions plus negative decisions. In this report, the exact number of decisions has been used for calculations instead of the presented rounded numbers. For more detailed information on decision outcomes please refer to Table 8. In the history of statistics on refugees, the last five years have seen the greatest rate of increase on … During the third quarter of 2020, 149 200 first instance decisions were made by the national authorities of EU Member States. Compared with the population of each Member State, the highest rate of registered first-time applicants during the third quarter of 2020 was recorded in Cyprus (1 848 first-time applicants per million population), followed by Malta (1 320) and Greece (799). (Table 4). Decisions on asylum applications. Among children, 17,735 were considered UASC while claiming asylum in Europe … In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). This plan aims to set-up a coordinated approach and commits all EU Member States to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. Refugee Statistics . First-time asylum applicants down by 30 % in Q3 2020 compared with Q3 2019 and up by 132 % compared with Q2 2020 . 79.5 million individuals have been forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence or human rights violations. Migration has once again become one of the most important issues in Europe. Please check your download folder. Syrian was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in nine EU Member States, Afghan in five, while Venezuelan, although among the top 3, was the main citizenship in only one EU Member State, namely Spain (Table 3). The number of asylum seekers in Europe has increased in recent years with a … All data presented in this publication are rounded to the nearest 5, and are provisional (except as otherwise stated) and may be subject to change. This represents a slight increase of 6% compared to the same period in 2018 (191,800). Data on asylum applications are collected monthly while data on first instance decisions are collected quarterly. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! In the 3rd quarter of 2020, 38 % of first instance decisions on asylum applications taken by EU 27 Member States were positive. In December 2011, the European Commission adopted a Communication on ‘Enhanced intra-EU solidarity in the field of asylum’ (COM(2011) 835 final). A number of directives in this area have been developed. Syria has been the main country of origin for refugees since 2014 and at the end of 2019, there were 6.6 million Syrian refugees hosted by 126 countries worldwide. As a complement to this action plan, the European Migration Network has produced a comprehensive EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants and first instance decisions on asylum applications in the European Union (EU). Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. It creates faster, seamless migration processes and stronger governance of migration and borders policies, supported by modern IT systems and more effective agencies. Among the countries with more than 5 000 applicants in the third quarter of 2020, Greece, France and Germany recorded relative decreases of 51 %, 39 % and 27 % respectively, whereas Spain recorded an increase of 4 %, in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019. Since the government announced the expansion of the scheme on 7th September 2015, including the target of resettling an additional 20,000 refugees under the scheme by 2020, 19,768 … In total, 139,300 refugees and migrants arrived in Europe, the lowest number in five years. Published: 14 Jan 2021 'People are traumatised and scared': Germany's student-run law clinics for refugees The number of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 accounted for 89 % of the total number of asylum applicants (125 000), recorded in the third quarter of 2020 (Figure 1, Table 2). Citizens of 135 countries, as well as stateless persons, sought asylum for the first time in the EU in the third quarter of 2020. The swell of Syrians has pushed Turke… Refugees and Asylees: 2019 . The highest number of first-time asylum applicants in the third quarter of 2020 was registered in Germany (with 27 200 first-time applicants, or 24 % of all first-time applicants in the EU Member States), followed by Spain (26 900, or 24 %), France (21 700, or 19 %) and Greece (8 600, or 8 %). ... Italy and Spain en route to Europe since 2015. Most first instance decisions in the EU-27 were issued to Colombians (24 500), followed by Venezuelans and Syrians (both 17 000), Afghans (9 600), Iraqis (5 500) and Pakistanis (4 800) (Table 7, Figure 5). Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. It puts forward the idea of a common European asylum system (CEAS), in particular, it raises the challenge to establish common procedures and uniform status for those granted asylum or subsidiary protection. Full-time statisticians in UNHCR's Field Information and Coordination Section track the number of people forced to flee so that when a major displacement crisis erupts The World Migration Report 2020 project commenced in May 2018 and culminated in the launch of the report in November 2019 by the Director General at the 110th session of IOM Council. In 2019, there were 714,200 applications for international protection in the EU plus Norway and Switzerland, which is 13% more than the 634,700 applications received in 2018. In 2019, more than two-thirds of all refugees came from just five countries: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar. The Directorate-General Migration and Home Affairs (DG HOME) is responsible for developing EU policies on asylum. During 2018, almost 32,400 refugees were submitted by UNHCR for resettlement to 20 countries in Europe. It reflects the reality that most migrants come to the EU through legal channels, which should be better matched to EU labour market needs. Venezuelans received the highest number of decisions granting protection status in the EU Member States, including protection based on national legislations (16 400 positive first instance decisions, or 97 % rate of recognition) (Table 7). In relative terms, Hungary (95 % fewer), Ireland (75 % fewer), Estonia (65 % fewer), Portugal (64 % fewer) and Lithuania (63 % fewer) recorded the largest relative decreases in first-time asylum seekers. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. The number of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 decreased by 30 % in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 and increased by 132 % compared with the second quarter of 2020. Syrian, Afghan and Venezuelan were the top 3 citizenships of asylum seekers, lodging 18 100, 11 200 and 9 600 applications respectively (Table 1). UNHCR registered refugees by country/territory of asylum between mid-2016 and 2007 Country/territory of asylum Refugees per 1,000 inhabitants in mid-2015 2019 mid-2016 mid-2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 Afghanistan: 7.14 72,228 59,771: 205,558: 280,267: 72: 75: 66: 43: 37: 37: 42 Albania: 0.05 128 138: 154: 104: 96: 86: 82: 76: 70 Of the 27,000 refugee present in Greece by the end of 2018, 57 percent live in urban areas. ... That's because in 2014 and 2015 the majority of refugees and migrants arriving in … We are now witnessing the highest levels of displacement on record. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. A staggering number of Syrians have escaped to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people. The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the status of refugees (as amended by the 1967 New York Protocol) has, for over 60 years, defined who is a refugee, and laid down a common approach towards refugees that has been one of the cornerstones for the development of a common asylum system within the EU. Please check your download folder. Asylum Seekers in Europe August 2020 The main source of data covering Europe as a whole is the Eurostat database. Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory. bringing more harmonisation to standards of protection by further aligning the EU Member States’ asylum legislation; effective and well-supported practical cooperation; increased solidarity and sense of responsibility among EU Member States, and between the EU and non-member countries. SEPTEMBER 2020. Of the 11 200 Afghans, 31 % (3 400) applied for the first time for asylum in France. The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). 30 Jan 2019 Refugees from Manus Island and Nauru are now being quietly resettled in Europe and Canada without ... Mosaic has dedicated all of its 2020 spaces to … The number of decisions on international protection issued by DGMM is not available. introducing an evaluation and early warning mechanism to detect and address emerging problems; making the supporting role of the EASO more effective; increasing the amount of funds available and making these more flexible, taking into account significant fluctuations in the number of asylum seekers; developing and encouraging the relocation of beneficiaries of international protection between different EU Member States. … The European Commission’s policy plan on asylum (COM(2008) 360 final) was presented in June 2008 which included three pillars to underpin the development of the CEAS: With this in mind, in 2009 the European Commission made a proposal to establish a European Asylum Support Office (EASO). It also provides technical and operational support to EU Member States facing particular pressures (in other words, those EU Member States receiving large numbers of asylum applicants). Most settled in cities such as Istanbul, where they can find work. Opinions on the European Union refugee policy in the Netherlands 2016-2018. Of the 18 100 Syrians who applied for the first time for asylum in the EU in the third quarter of 2020, 60 % were registered in Germany (10 900) while 96 % of 9 600 Venezuelans applied for asylum in Spain (9 200). Rate of recognition is the share of (first instance) positive decisions in the total number of decisions at first instance. The four main legal instruments on asylum — all recently recast — are: The Hague programme was adopted by heads of state and government on 5 November 2004. first-time asylum applicants and repeated asylum applicants. This pact provides a comprehensive approach, bringing together policy in the areas of migration, asylum, integration and border management, recognising that the overall effectiveness depends on progress on all fronts. Apart from statistics on first asylum applicants, these data are supplied in accordance with the provisions of Article 4 of the Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. The UK Government also resettles refugees through two other programmes. temporary closure of asylum authorities, suspension of asylum interviews, suspension of lodging applications), which resulted in a drop in the number of asylum applications as well as in the number of decisions issued starting from March 2020. In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). World refugee statistics for 2018 was 25,899,611.00, a 2.06% increase from 2017. Some 102,600 refugees returned to their countries of origin in the first half of 2020 while 17,400 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance). The Situation. In 2019, European countries12 recorded 672,935 new asylum seekers. It aims to reduce unsafe and irregular routes and promote sustainable and safe legal pathways for those in need of protection. refugees enter the EU materialised on 28 February 2020, when Turkey opened its borders with Greece, setting the scene for a new refugee crisis. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. Main trends in the number of asylum applicants, First-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the, Total applicants includes first-time and repeated applicants. For more detailed information about the distribution of decision outcomes please refer to Table 6. For more information on developments in this regard please consult the recent reports “COVID-19 emergency measures in asylum and reception systems” (Issue No.1,Issue No.2,Issue No.3) published by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO). Rates of recognition for humanitarian status are not shown, but are part of the 'Total recognition rate'. Most of the 2,700 children in Greek reception centers have missed one to four years of school due to conflict in their home countries. It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.